DEFINITION: HTTPS or Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure

Stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure. Is a secured version of HTTP, which is used to define how data is formatted and transmitted across the web. HTTPS has an advantage over HTTP in that the data sent when fetching a webpage is encrypted, adding a layer of security so that third parties can’t gather data about the webpage when the data is sent from the server to the browser.

HTTPS is a protocol in which the connection between the server and client is encrypted, helping to protect users’ information and prevent tampering. APIs such as the Service Worker, Google Maps API, and File API must be served over HTTPS. HTTPS is implemented using the Transport Layer Security (TLS) protocol. Although TLS supersedes Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), it is often referred to as SSL.

See HTTPS on Wikipedia
Source: The AMP Project

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